Question: How Does Groundwater Pollution Affect The Environment?

What are the effects of groundwater pollution?

Contamination of ground water can result in poor drinking water quality, loss of water supply, degraded surface water systems, high cleanup costs, high costs for alternative water supplies, and/or potential health problems.

The consequences of contaminated ground water or degraded surface water are often serious..

What is a natural cause of groundwater pollution?

Natural Sources: While humans cause a lot of groundwater pollution, some contamination is due to natural processes of the earth. Substances like iron, fluorides, and sulfates found in rock often end up in groundwater, and when they collect in excess, they can harm its quality.

Why is groundwater pollution such a difficult problem?

Groundwater pollution is hard to deal with because the residence time for water in aquifers is so long; it may be possible to pump the water out, clean it, and then pump it back in, but this method of clean up is not financially viable.

What are two main sources of groundwater pollution?

The significant sources of contamination in groundwater are farming chemicals, septic waste, landfills, uncontrolled hazardous waste, storage tanks, and atmospheric pollutants.Agricultural Chemicals. … Septic Waste. … Landfills. … Hazardous Waste Sites. … Storage Tanks. … Atmospheric Pollutants. … Underground Pipes. … Road Salts.

How underground water is polluted?

Groundwater pollution can be caused by chemical spills from commercial or industrial operations, chemical spills occurring during transport (e.g. spillage of diesel fuels), illegal waste dumping, infiltration from urban runoff or mining operations, road salts, de-icing chemicals from airports and even atmospheric …

Why is groundwater important?

Groundwater, which is in aquifers below the surface of the Earth, is one of the Nation’s most important natural resources. … It often takes more work and costs more to access groundwater as opposed to surface water, but where there is little water on the land surface, groundwater can supply the water needs of people.

What are 5 ways groundwater can be polluted?

There are five major ways groundwater can be contaminated by chemicals, bacteria or saltwater.Surface Contamination. … Subsurface Contamination. … Landfills and Waste Disposal. … Atmospheric Contamination. … Saltwater Contamination.

What is the best way to reduce groundwater pollution?

What can I do to reduce pollution?properly dispose of all waste; don’t dump chemicals down drains or on the ground.test underground fuel oil tanks for leaks; if possible, replace them above ground.safely store all chemicals and fuels.minimize the use of chemicals; always use according to directions.More items…

Why is groundwater pollution particularly insidious?

Groundwater contamination is particularly insidious because of the slow movement of water through aquifers. Contamination introduced into an aquifer can show up years later at a site far removed from the original source.

What are 3 causes of water pollution?

Discharge of domestic and industrial effluent wastes, leakage from water tanks, marine dumping, radioactive waste and atmospheric deposition are major causes of water pollution. Heavy metals that disposed off and industrial waste can accumulate in lakes and river, proving harmful to humans and animals.

What are two natural pollutants?

Natural air pollutants include radon, fog and mist, ozone, ash, soot, salt spray, and volcanic and combustion gases. Radon is a radioactive gas that seeps from the ground in some areas, and fog and mist are both dense water vapor at ground level that obscures vision.