How Do I Know If I Have A Deep Or Shallow Well?

How can I tell how deep my well is?

Carefully drop the weight into the well and lower it until it stops dropping.

Take up the slack and mark the string at ground level.

Pull up the weight from the well and measure it from the bobber to the mark, and that will be your depth to water, or head..

How do I know if my shallow well is dry?

If you get your water from a private well, there are some warning signs that your well may be going dry. The first sign is the water is sputtering out of the tap, indicating air pockets in the well. The second sign is the water is not clear, but muddy or filled with sediment.

How Far Should a well be from a house?

10 feetWells in most jurisdictions are at least 10 feet from the property line. That would mean that your well and your neighbour’s well would be at least 20 feet apart. That distance might not prevent your neighbor’s well from tapping right into your well’s aquifer and water supply and thus reducing your well’s flow rate.

Can you drill a well anywhere?

You probably can drill your own well on your property. You, of course, would have to contact your local building department to see if there are any regulations that must be followed. Some states and cities may still charge you for the water that’s pulled from your land, but that’s a debate for another day.

Does a deeper wells mean better water?

Water quality in a deep well usually changes more slowly than in a shallow well. That’s because groundwater does some mixing as it moves through the aquifer. A spill a mile away from your deep well in the Basin and Range aquifer might be substantially diluted with clean aquifer water before it gets to your well.

Are shallow wells bad?

Some disadvantages of this type of well are that they are shallow and lack continuous casing, making them subject to contamination from nearby surface sources, and they go dry during periods of drought if the water table drops below the well bottom.

Can I run my well dry?

Does the well “running dry” do any damage? Yes, it can. Running the well pump when there isn’t water to pump can damage the pump itself which can cause it to burn out prematurely.

How much does it cost to put in a shallow well?

Cost To Dig A Shallow Well. The average cost to dig a shallow well is between $1,800 and $3,000, or $5 to $10 per cubic yard depending on the depth of the water table. Shallow wells are typically 25′ to 50′ deep, 3 to 10 feet in diameter, and are best in areas without rocks or any bedrock.

How do I find the water table in my area?

How to Find My Water TableCall your local County Extension Office. It may have statistics for the average annual water table level in your area. … Look online. Check out the website for your local Water Resources Office. … Dig. This is the most reliable way to find the water table level on your land.

How deep should a well be for drinking water?

between 10 and 30 feetDug wells are the shallowest type of well, typically between 10 and 30 feet deep; therefore, the most likely to become contaminated from nearby agricultural, industrial, or urban sites. Driven wells are hammered into the ground and draw water from the saturated zone.

How far down is groundwater?

30,000 feetGroundwater may be near the Earth’s surface or as deep as 30,000 feet, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

How long will a shallow well last?

Submersible pumps that are commonly used in many wells usually last from eight years to ten years. With proper maintenance and care, the lifespan can be increased to fifteen years. After ten years, if your water well is not working correctly, it needs to be replaced.

Do Wells refill themselves?

But just because most wells will fill back up when they’re given a break from a household’s excessive water usage, that doesn’t mean that thirsty homeowners are completely out of the woods. Running a well dry can severely damage your water pump, which can cost thousands of dollars to replace.

How far will a shallow well pump push water?

The shallow well jet pumps draw water from one line situated in wells no deeper than a maximum of 25 feet deep. Deep well jet pumps use two lines, one for pulling the water, and one for pushing the water into the delivery system. Deep well jet pumps can pump water from wells that range from 25 to 110 feet deep.

How many feet is considered a deep well?

If the water table is at 50 feet, a deep well might be 100 feet deep. For many wells drilled into the sand and gravel aquifer, the amount of casing—the pipe that lines the well hole—is nearly the same as the depth of the well itself.

What is considered a shallow well?

A shallow well is a hole which has been dug, bored, driven or drilled into the ground for the purpose of extracting water is a well. A well is considered to be shallow if it is less than 50 feet deep.

How deep does a shallow well need to be?

Dug wells have a large diameter, are shallow (approximately 10 to 30 feet deep) and are not cased continuously. Driven wells are constructed by driving pipe into the ground. Driven wells are cased continuously and shallow (approximately 30 to 50 feet deep).

How much does it cost to drill and install a well?

Drilling a well costs $5,500 for an average depth of 150 feet. Most projects range between $1,500 and $12,000. Expect to pay between $15 and $30 per foot of depth, or up to $50 for difficult terrain. Digging might be enough for shallow depths, ranging between $10 and $25 per square foot.

How do I find the elevation of my water table?

water-table elevation = land-surface elevation – depth to water below land surface (elevations are in feet NAVD 88; depth is in feet).

How do I know if my water table is seasonal high?

Under current standards DEM (2008) defines the seasonal high water table (SHWT) as “the elevation of the groundwater table during that time of the year at which it is highest as determined by direct observation or by interpretation of hydromorphic features in the soil profile”.

Can a deep well run dry?

Wells in unconfined water table aquifers are more directly influenced by the lack of rain than those in deeper confined aquifers. A deep well in a confined aquifer in an area with minimal pumping is less likely to go dry than a shallow, water-table well.